1. Forced Sterilizations
The Emergency Era was a dark time in our Nation’s history where democracy itself was held hostage. All normal functioning of the nation was suspended as the government silenced it’s critics and continued to do as it pleased. Shukranu highlights one such human rights violation undertaken by the Government with the forced sterilizations.
Between 1975-77, numerous men had to undergo a forced vasectomy as part of population control drive. Almost all of them didn’t want to be sterilized and a few of them lost their lives due to botched operations. Watch the trailer of Shukranu and learn more about that dark memory with a humourous satire, this Valentine’s Day.
2. Giving Armed Forces 'Special Powers'
During the Emergency, Indira Gandhi used the armed forces to muscle out opposition. This anti-terrorism act gives the governments excessive powers for fighting internal and cross-border terrorism and political violence. It was criticised for violating the civil freedoms and its failure to safeguard basic human rights.
3. Arresting opposition
Around 1,00,000 people which included journalists, scholars, activists, opposition political party members and community members who got arrested and were detained without a trial. While the emergency lasted over 22 months, many of them spent 18 months in jail. Among the prominent arrested were: Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Chandra Shekhar, Lal Krishna Advani, Sharad Yadav and Lalu Prasad Yadav.
4. Searching and Seizing land without warrants
5. Censorship of Free Press
A reason a lot of this was successful was the censorship placed on free press. As a mark of protest on this censorship Indian Express famously left it’s editorial column empty. Times of India was another mewspaper that strongly opposed the emergency and the censorship.
Watch murder-thriller series set in the 70’s ‘The Chargesheet: Innocent or Guilty‘ streaming on ZEE5.